Map PDF 902 KB (Atchinson, KS)
Map PDF 918 KB (St. Joseph, Mo)
July 4, 1804
"ussered in the day by a discharge of one shot form our Bow
piece*, proceeded on, .Came to on the LS to refresh ourselves & Jos
Fields got bit by a snake, which was quickly doctered with Bark** by
Cap Lewis . pass a creek as this Creek has no name and this day is the
4th of July, we name this Independance Creek ***. and saluted the
departing day with another gun, an extra Gill of whiskey"
Bow piece* - Probably the swivel cannon. See May 29,
Bark** - Possibly the bark of the slippery elm, but more
likely Peruvian bark, or cinchona. On later occasions Lewis used
Peruvian bark in a poultice, as he presumably did here in case the snake was
a new poisonous species.
Independance Creek *** - Probably either later Whiskey or Clay
Creek, in Atchison County, Kansas. They passes both a Fourth of July
Creek and an Independence Creek on this day. This creek was called
Fourth of July Creek where Clark apparently reversed the names.
July 5, 1804
"Proceeded on our voyage at five in the morning; swam the
horse across the river, proceeded on for two miles under the bank where the
old Kansas town formerly stood ( Say in 1724) the cause of those
people moveing from this place I cannot learn, but naterally conclude that
War has reduced their nation & compelled them to retire further into the
Plains with a view of defending themselves & opposeing their enemy. went through a large
bend full of sand bars where we had some difficulty." Clark
July 6, 1804
"a verry warm day (worthy of remark that the water of this river or
some other cause, I think that the most probable throws out a greater
preposn. of Swet than I could Suppose Could pass thro the humane body
Those men that do not work at all will wet a Shirt in a Few minits & those
who work, the swet will runn off in Streams) Had a fine day and made a good day’s voyage."
July 7, 1804
"set out early passed some swift water, which obliged us to
draw up by roapes, a Sand bare at the point opposit a butifull Prairie on
the S. Side Called St. Michul*, those Praires on the river has
verry much the appearence of (old) farms form the river Divided by
narrow Strips of woodland, which wood land is situatd. on the runs leading
to the river. Passed a Bluff of yellow Clay above the Prairie**.
Saw a large rat on the bank. Killed a Wolf. One man very sick, struck with the Sun,
Capt. Lewis bled him & gave Niter which has revived him much***."
St. Michul* - At the present site of St. Joseph, Missouri
Bluff of yellow Clay above the Prairie**- Thick accumulations of
loess-a pale, yellowish brown loam of sandy, claylike silt- were deposited
by wind during the so-called Wisconsin glaciation in the Pleistocene Epoch
and stand in steep bluffs, sixty or more feet above the floodplain in some
places, near this area.
Niter which has revived him much*** - Bleeding was the standard
remedy of the times from nearly everything. The "niter" was potassium
nitrate (saltpeter), used to increase the flow of perspiration and urine and
to reduce fevers.
July 8, 1804
"We were under way this morning before day light. the sick
man (Frazer) much better, Serjt. Oddeway was waiting at a Creek on the SS
below an Island. five men sick to day with violent head ake and
several boils, we appoint a Cook to each mess to take Charge of the
provisions. our flank party did not join us this evening."
July 9, 1804
"Sent one man* back to the mouth of the River to mark a
tree, to let the party on Shore See that the Boat had passed the river, Set
out early ... at 8 oClock it commenced raining, the wind changed from
NE to SW... rained hard till 12 o’clock. Camped opposit the head of
the Island on the LS** saw a fire on the SS Supposedly
the four flankers, to be theire, Sent a perogue ffor them, the Patroon &
Bowman of the Perogue French**, they returned & informed that when
they approached the fire, it was put out Supposeing a pty. of Soux
going to war, firierd the bow piec to allarm & put on their guard the men on
shore everey thing in readiness for Defence."
one man* - According to Ordway the man was Bratton
Island on the LS** - Precise location not possible because of
shifts of the Missouri over the years; using the course of the river today,
the camp would be near the town of Iowa Point, Doniphan County.
Perogue French** - If the arrangements were still the same
as those of May 26, 1804, this would be the red pirogue, with Patroon
Baptiste Deschamps in charge.
July 10, 1804
"Set out this morning with a view to Land near the fire seen last
night & recornetre, but soon discovered that our men were at the fire,
they were sleep early last evening, and from the Course of the Wind which
blew hard, their yells were not heard by party in the perogue, a mistake
altogether. our men all getting well but much fatigued, encamped for the
night at a point on the SS opposit a yellow Clay Clift*." Clark
opposit a yellow Clay Clift* - If the rivers' course remains the
same, a camp on the starboard side would be in Holt County, Missouri.
The site would be near the Nebraska- Kansas boundary on the opposite shore.