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Lewis and Clark Trail "Re-live the Adventure"

From the Journals of
Lewis and Clark



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Journal Entry Archives
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<December 26 - 31, 1804
 1805 Journal Entry Archives
 1806 Journal Entry Archives
1804 Journal Entry Archives  October 14 - 20, 1804 

October 14, 1804 (Camped a few miles above the state line in Emmons County, North Dakota)

"The punishment of this day* allarmed the Indian Chief** verry much, he cried aloud I explained the Cause of the punishment and the necessity of it. his nation never whiped even their Children."

punishment of this day*- John Newman, of the permanent, is court-martialed for insubordination and sentenced to 75 lashes and denied status - to be returned to St. Louis and discharged from the Army.

Indian Chief**-The Chief alluded to is an Arikara who is going as a peace envoy to the Mandans and was present during the punishment.

October 15, 1804 (Camped in Emmons County, North Dakota, near Fort Yates, on the opposite side)

"at Sunset arrived at a camp of Recares of 10 lodges. Capt. Lewis and my self went with the Chief who accompanis us, to the Huts of Several of the men all of whome Smoked & gave us something to eate also dome meat to take away. Those people were kind and appeared to be much pleased with my black Servent. "

October 16, 1804 (Camped about two miles above and opposite Big Beaver Creek, Sioux County, North Dakota)

"having made fourteen and a half miles, we encamped.  We were soon visited by numbers of these Ricaras who crossed the river hallooing and singing; two of them then returned for some goats’ flesh and buffalo meat dried and fresh, with which they made a feast that lasted till late at night and caused much music and merriment."

October 17, 1804 (Camped a few miles below the mouth of Cannonball River, Sioux County, North Dakota)

"the river wider than usual and full of sandbars. wind from the northwest then became so strong that we could not move after ten o’clock, until late in the afternoon, when we were forced to use the towline and therefore made only six miles."

October 18, 1804

"Passed the mouth of the Cannonball River, the river takes its name from those stones which resemble Cannon Balls. We met two frenchmen in a perogue Decending from hunting & complained of the Mandans robing them of 4 traps their furs & several articles… in the evening I walked on the shore with a view to see some of those remarkable places mentioned by Evins*, none of which I could find."

* Evins -John Evans, young man from Wales, was an employee of James Mackay. He had made the most formidable effort before Lewis & Clark to explore the Upper Missouri. The expedition was using a copy of his drawn map, which was sent to Lewis by Jefferson.

October 19, 1804

"In walking along the shore we counted fifty-two herds of buffalo and three elk, at a single view. Came upon the remains of one of the Mandan villages, the first runis we have seen of that nation in ascending the Missouri."

October 20, 1804 ( Camped below the mouth of Heart River, Morton County, North Dakota, and a few miles south of the town of Mandan)

"I walked out to view those remarkable places pointed out by Evens.... saw an old Village of the Mandans below the Chess shi ter R.* appear to have been fortified... the countrey thro which I passed this day is delightfull, Timber in the bottoms, Saw great nos. of Buffalow Elk Goats & deer."

Chess shi ter R.* - Heart River; Clark's "Chess chi ter" is an Arikara word for "fork (of a river)."

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