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1804 Journal Entry Archives
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1805 Journal Entry Archives  January 9 - 15, 1805

Fort Mandan

January 9, 1805

"Themometer at 21 below 0.  Great numbers of indians go to kill Cows... Several Indians Call at the Fort nearly frosed, one man reported that he had sent his son to the fort about 3 oclock & was much distressed at not finding him here."

January 10, 1805 ( From November 20, 1804 - January 9, 1805 the Corps of Discovery had experienced 44 days of below freezing temperatures.)

"The murkery this morning stood at 40 below 0 which is 72 below freesing point.  The Indians of the lower villages turned out to hunt for a man & boy who had not returnd from the hunt yesterday, and borrowd a Slay to bring them in expecting to find them frosed to death.  about 10 oclock the boy about 13 years of age came to the fort with his feet frosed and had layen out last night without fire only a Buffalow Robe to Cover him.  Soon after the arrival of the Boy, a man came in who had also stayed out without fire, and verry thinly clothed, this man was not the least injured - Customs & the habits of those people has ancered to bare more Cold than I thought it possible for man to indure."

January 11, 1805

" Some of our men go to see a war medison dance made at the village on the opposit Side of the river."

January 12, 1805

" a verry Cold Day." Three of the hunters returned to the Fort later in the day, with only 2 Elk tied on their sleigh.

January 13, 1805

" great number of Indians move down the River to hunt.  Chaboneu informs that the Clerk of the Hudsons Bay Co. with the Me ne tar res has been speaking some fiew expressns. unfavourable towards us, and that it is said the NW Co. intends building a fort at the Mene tarre's ."
 

January 14, 1805

" one of our hunters Sent out several days arived & informs that one man* is frost bit and Can't walk home."

one man* - Joseph Whitehouse

January 15, 1805 (Several men from the Mandan Nation and four men from the Hidatsa Tribe traveled to Fort Mandan and smoked from the pipe of peace.)

 
" we Smoked in the pipe, we showed to those men who had been impressed with an unfavourable oppinion of us."


 

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